Because the production of nuclear weapons material is occurring only in countries that have developed civilian nuclear energy programs, the risk of a limited nuclear exchange between countries or the detonation of a nuclear device by terrorists has increased due to the dissemination of nuclear energy facilities worldwide. As such, it is a valid exercise to estimate the potential number of immediate deaths and carbon emissions due to the burning of buildings and infrastructure associated with the proliferation of nuclear energy facilities and the resulting proliferation of nuclear weapons. The number of deaths and carbon emissions, though, must be multiplied by a probability range of an exchange or explosion occurring to estimate the overall risk of nuclear energy proliferation. Although concern at the time of an explosion will be the deaths and not carbon emissions, policy makers today must weigh all the potential future risks of mortality and carbon emissions when comparing energy sources.First lets note the ambiguity of Jacobson's language. He speaks of a general class of "buildings and infrastructure". Now what they all have in common is their association "with the proliferation of nuclear energy facilities and the resulting proliferation of nuclear weapons." Here we run into a logical problem. Let me cite some examples of facilities that are clearly associated with the proliferation of nuclear weapons. K-25, the Hanford reactors and the Sevannah River reactors are all facilities associated with thre building of nuclear weapons, but technically not of their spread. Because these facilities did not contribute to the spread of nuclear weapons beyond the United States. Thus they do are not examples of the case which Jacobson wishes to make. Now conisder Watts Bar Unit 1, a nuclear power plant not a great many miles distant from the location of K-25. Now it would be absurd to assert that Watts bar Unit 1 has caused the spread of nuclear weapons to other countries. Thus Watts Bar Unit 1, is not an example of the case Jacobson is trying to make as well.
Here, we detail the link between nuclear energy and nuclear weapons and estimate the emissions of nuclear explosions attributable to nuclear energy.
But Jacobson would appear to have us believe than notonly is Watts Bar Unit One linked to the spread of Nuclear weapons to other countries, but through this link will be a cause of a future nuclear exchange between unnamed countries.
Jacobson also relies on factually inaccurate arguments. for example he links the presence of civilian nuclear energy programs in countries with the emergence of military technology. In fact, there were no civilian nuclear energy programs in the United States in 1942, at the inception of the Manhattan poroject, and no Civilian nuclear Energy programs in the United Kingdom, The Societ Union, or the PRC prior to the emergence of their nuclear weapons programs. Other examples, including North Korea could be pounted too. Thus the Civilan energy program caused nuclear weapons simply is not credible, and would never be made by a person possessing the slightest shred of rationality. The detonation of nuclear weapons in a nuclear exchange has not been shown to be linked to Watts Bar Unit 1, in anyway, and further the nuclear exchange takes place only in Jacobson's imagination. The terrorist bomb also is a product of Jacobson's imagination, and Jacobson demonstrates no link between Watts Bar Unit 1, and the very unlikely acquisition of nuclear weapons by terrorists.
Thus Jacobson resorts to a factually incorrect, illogical, and wholely implausible argument to make the case that the acquisition of nuclear weapons by North Korea would be caused by say, the completion of Watts Bar Unit 2. What can be said about's Jacobson's argument? For that matter what can be said about the fact that virtually no one except Brian Wang and I have criticized it? People are either asleep, or have not awakened enough to distinguish between dreams and waking reality. Dreams do not obey the rules of logic or are they expected too. Jaconson applies the logic rules of dreams to his argument, and that appears to be assceptable to his still slumbering readers.
Those few of us notice, shake our heads and wonder. "If you cannot be saints of knowledge, then, I pray you, be at least its warriors."